Prognostic value of pulmonary vein size in prediction of atrial fibrillation recurrence after pulmonary vein isolation: A cardiovascular magnetic resonance study

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Abstract

Background: The relationship between pulmonary vein (PV) anatomy and successful catheter ablation of atrial fibrillation (AF) is poorly understood Methods: First-pass contrast enhanced PV magnetic resonance angiography was performed in 71 consecutive patients prior to PV isolation. PV diameter and cross-sectional area (CSA) were measured prior to PV isolation. Any symptomatic or asymptomatic AF >10s was considered a recurrence. Early recurrence was defined as recurrent AF >30 days after PV isolation, while late recurrence of AF was defined as recurrent AF >30 days after. Results: At 1 year, 57 % had any recurrence of AF while 41 % had late recurrence of AF. Study subjects with one or more PV diameter in the top 10;bsupesup& percentile had trend toward more early recurrent AF (HR 1.99, p = 0.053). Study subjects with one or more PV CSA in the top 10;bsupesup& percentile had more late recurrent AF (HR 2.25, p = 0.039) and a trend toward more early recurrent AF (HR 1.94, p = 0.064). With multivariate analysis, PV size was not associated with early recurrent AF, but late recurrent AF was associated with one or more large PV, increased left atrial size, and non-paroxysmal AF. Study subjects with all three of these risk factors had a 100 % rate of late recurrent AF at 1 year, while those with none had a 7 % rate of late recurrent AF. Conclusions: Larger PV size is independently associated with more late recurrent AF after PV isolation. Determination of PV size prior to PV isolation may predict procedural success.

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Hauser, T. H., Essebag, V., Baldessin, F., McClennen, S., Yeon, S. B., Manning, W. J., & Josephson, M. E. (2015). Prognostic value of pulmonary vein size in prediction of atrial fibrillation recurrence after pulmonary vein isolation: A cardiovascular magnetic resonance study. Journal of Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance, 17(1). https://doi.org/10.1186/s12968-015-0151-z

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