Psychiatric symptoms in patients with shiga toxin-producing E. coli O104:H4 induced haemolytic-uraemic syndrome

  • A. K
  • S. T
  • C.K. E
  • et al.
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Abstract

BACKGROUND: In May 2011 an outbreak of Shiga toxin-producing enterohaemorrhagic E. coli (STEC) O104:H4 in Northern Germany led to a high number of in-patients, suffering from post-enteritis haemolytic-uraemic syndrome (HUS) and often severe affection of the central nervous system. To our knowledge so far only neurological manifestations have been described systematically in literature., AIM: To examine psychiatric symptoms over time and search for specific symptom clusters in affected patients., METHODS: 31 in-patients suffering from E. coli O104:H4 associated HUS, were examined and followed up a week during the acute hospital stay. Psychopathology was assessed by clinical interview based on the AMDP Scale, the Brief Symptom Inventory and the Clinical Global Impressions Scale., RESULTS: At baseline mental disorder due to known physiological condition (ICD-10 F06.8) was present in 58% of the examined patients. Patients suffered from various manifestations of cognitive impairment (n = 27) and hallucinations (n = 4). Disturbances of affect (n = 28) included severe panic attacks (n = 9). Psychiatric disorder was significantly associated with higher age (p<0.0001), higher levels of C-reactive protein (p<0.05), and positive family history of heart disease (p<0.05). Even within the acute hospital stay with a median follow up of 7 days, symptoms improved markedly over time (p <0.0001)., CONCLUSIONS: Aside from severe neurological symptoms the pathology in E.coli O104:H4 associated HUS frequently includes particular psychiatric disturbances. Long term follow up has to clarify whether or not these symptoms subside.

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A., K., S., T., C.K., E., J.T., K., S., B., H., F., & M., S. (2014). Psychiatric symptoms in patients with shiga toxin-producing E. coli O104:H4 induced haemolytic-uraemic syndrome. PLoS ONE, 9(7). https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0101839

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