A quantitative description of the E-4031-sensitive repolarization current in rabbit ventricular myocytes

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Abstract

We have measured the E-4031-sensitive repolarization current (IKr) in single ventricular myocytes isolated from rabbit hearts. The primary goal of this analysis was a description of the IKr kinetic and ion transfer properties. Surprisingly, the maximum time constant of this component was 0.8 s at 33–34 degrees C, which is significantly greater than the value of 0.18 s previously reported under similar conditions in the original measurements of IKr from guinea pig ventricular myocytes. The primary, novel feature of our analysis concerns the relationship of the bell-shaped curve that describes the voltage dependence of the kinetics and the sigmoidal curve that describes the activation of IKr. The midpoint of the latter occurred at approximately +10 mV on the voltage axis, as compared to -30 mV for the point on the voltage axis at which the maximum time constant occurred. Moreover, the voltage dependence of the kinetics was much broader than the steepness of the activation curve would predict. Taken together, these results comprise a gating current paradox that is not resolved by the incorporation of a fast inactivated state in the analysis. The fully activated current-voltage relation for IKr exhibited strong inward-going rectification, so much so that the current was essentially nil at +30 mV, even though the channel opens rapidly in this voltage range. This result is consistent with the lack of effect of E-4031 on the early part of the plateau phase of the action potential.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS) © 1995, The Biophysical Society. All rights reserved.

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Clay, J. R., Ogbaghebriel, A., Paquette, T., Sasyniuk, B. I., & Shrier, A. (1995). A quantitative description of the E-4031-sensitive repolarization current in rabbit ventricular myocytes. Biophysical Journal, 69(5), 1830–1837. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0006-3495(95)80053-6

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