Randomized comparison of everolimus-eluting versus bare-metal stents in patients with critical limb ischemia and infrapopliteal arterial occlusive disease

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Abstract

Objective: Critical limb ischemia, the most severe form of peripheral arterial disease, results in extremity amputation if left untreated. Endovascular recanalization of stenotic or occluded infrapopliteal arteries has recently emerged as an effective form of therapy, although the duration of patency is typically limited by restenosis. Recently, it has been suggested that drug-eluting stents originally developed for the coronary arteries might also be effective in preventing restenosis in the infrapopliteal arteries. This prospective, randomized, controlled clinical trial tested the hypothesis that treatment of infrapopliteal arterial occlusive lesions with an everolimus-eluting stent (Xience V) would provide superior patency to treatment with a bare-metal stent (Multi-Link Vision). Methods: A sample size of 140 patients was planned to be enrolled at five European investigative sites. The primary end point was arterial patency at 12 months, defined as the absence of <50% restenosis based on quantitative analysis of contrast angiography. Results: Between March of 2008 and September of 2009, 74 patients were treated with Xience V and 66 patients were treated with Vision. After 12 months, the primary patency rate after treatment with Xience V was 85% compared with 54% after treatment with Vision (P =.0001). Treatment with Xience V significantly reduced mean in-stent diameter stenosis (21% ± 21% vs 47% ± 27%; P <.0001) and mean in-stent late lumen loss (0.78 ± 0.63 vs 1.41 ± 0.89 mm; P =.001). There were no differences in the percentage of patients receiving a designation of Rutherford class 0 or 1 at the 12-month follow-up visit (56% for Vision, vs 60% for Xience V; P =.68). Major extremity amputations were rare in both groups (two for Vision and one for Xience V). The use of the Xience V stent significantly reduced the need for repeat intervention: freedom from target lesion revascularization was 91% for Xience V vs 66% for Vision (P =.001). Conclusions: Treatment of the infrapopliteal occlusive lesions of critical limb ischemia with everolimus-eluting stents reduces restenosis and the need for reintervention compared with bare metal stents. © 2012 Society for Vascular Surgery.

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Bosiers, M., Scheinert, D., Peeters, P., Torsello, G., Zeller, T., Deloose, K., … Schwartz, L. B. (2012). Randomized comparison of everolimus-eluting versus bare-metal stents in patients with critical limb ischemia and infrapopliteal arterial occlusive disease. Journal of Vascular Surgery, 55(2), 390–398. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jvs.2011.07.099

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