Background and Purpose In clinical trials, intravenous (IV) recombinant tissue-type plasminogen activator (rt-PA) reduces the likelihood of disability if given within 3 hours of acute ischemic stroke. This study compared real-world outcomes between patients treated and patients not treated with IV rt-PA. Methods In this retrospective study, United States–based neurologists randomly selected eligible acute ischemic stroke patients from their charts who were and were not treated with IV rt-PA. Mortality, hospital readmission, and independence were compared between patients treated and patients not treated with IV rt-PA using Kaplan–Meier curves, log-rank tests, and Cox proportional hazards models. Results A total of 1026 charts were reviewed with a median follow-up time of 15.5 months. Pretreatment stroke severity, as measured by the National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale, was comparable between cohorts (IV rt-PA =11.7; non-rt-PA = 11.3; P =.165). IV rt-PA patients experienced significantly longer survival (P =.013), delayed hospital readmission (P =.012), and shorter time to independence (P <.001) compared with patients not treated with rt-PA. After adjusting for baseline characteristics, IV rt-PA patients had significantly lower mortality (hazard ratio [95% confidence interval] =.52 [.30,.90]) and greater rates of independence (hazard ratio [95% confidence interval] = 1.42 [1.17, 1.71]) than patients not treated with rt-PA. Conclusions This real-world study indicated that acute ischemic stroke patients treated with IV rt-PA experience long-term clinical benefits in survival and functional status.
Betts, K. A., Hurley, D., Song, J., Sajeev, G., Guo, J., Du, E. X., … Wu, E. Q. (2017). Real-World Outcomes of Acute Ischemic Stroke Treatment with Intravenous Recombinant Tissue Plasminogen Activator. Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases, 26(9), 1996–2003. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jstrokecerebrovasdis.2017.06.010