The reductions of the Heun equation to the hypergeometric equation by polynomial transformations of its independent variable are enumerated and classified. Heun-to-hypergeometric reductions are similar to classical hypergeometric identities, but the conditions for the existence of a reduction involve features of the Heun equation that the hypergeometric equation does not possess; namely, its cross-ratio and accessory parameters. The reductions include quadratic and cubic transformations, which may be performed only if the singular points of the Heun equation form a harmonic or an equianharmonic quadruple, respectively; and several higher-degree transformations. This result corrects and extends a theorem in a previous paper, which found only the quadratic transformations. © 2004 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Maier, R. S. (2005). On reducing the Heun equation to the hypergeometric equation. Journal of Differential Equations, 213(1), 171–203. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jde.2004.07.020