Perception of reversed-phi with motion-defined motion (MDM) stimuli was examined while varying various parameters including eccentricity. For peripheral viewing, reversed-phi was observed at all displacements between 30° and 135°. The perception most prominent at 90°, but was disrupted by dichoptic presentation. These results suggest operations of an energy-based motion system similar to the first-order motion system for luminance motion, which most likely resides at a relatively early level (cf. [Vision Res. 33 (1993) 533]). For central viewing, reversed motion was observed only for larger displacements. The perceived motion at smaller displacements was predominantly in the forward direction. Transition between the two modes occurred around 90° displacement. In addition, this motion perception was not disrupted by dichoptic presentation. This indicated the operation of a polarity independent matching-based motion system residing at a higher-level. Thus, the results indicate the involvement of at least two separate mechanisms for MDM detection, and that there is a dominance shift between the two systems according to the eccentricity. © 2003 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Maruya, K., Mugishima, Y., & Sato, T. (2003). Reversed-phi perception with motion-defined motion stimuli. Vision Research, 43(24), 2517–2526. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0042-6989(03)00438-3