The indications for echocardiography in the setting of acute myocardial infarction are to identify wall motion abnormalities, to evaluate left and right ventricular function, and to exclude complications such as pericarditis, mitral regurgitation, and ventricular rupture. Doppler echocardiography can provide important hemodynamic information. In the near future, contrast echocardiography can be expected to delineate myocardial perfusion and three-dimensional echocardiography to better define infarct size.
Foster, E., & Nanevicz, T. (1998). The role of echocardiography in acute myocardial infarction. Journal of Intensive Care Medicine. SAGE Publications Inc. https://doi.org/10.1177/088506669801300303