Although autologous stem cell transplantation can achieve excellent responses in patients with POEMS syndrome, the optimal regimen for peripheral blood stem cell (PBSC) collection is still controversial. We retrospectively investigated the safety and efficacy of 41 PBSC collecting procedures in 37 patients with POEMS syndrome. PBSC mobilization was performed using cyclophosphamide + granulocyte colony–stimulating factor (G-CSF) (CG, n = 14) or G-CSF alone (G, n = 27). Twelve (85.7%) patients in the CG group and all (100%) patients in the G group received induction chemotherapy before PBSC collection. The proportions of good mobilizers (≥2.0 × 10 6 CD34 + cells/kg) were comparable between the 2 groups (CG versus G: 78.6% versus 70.4%, P = .71). Two (14.3%) patients in the CG group developed severe capillary leak symptoms during the PBSC mobilization period, whereas no patient in the G group experienced severe adverse events. Appropriate induction therapies followed by the G-CSF monotherapy compose an optimal strategy for PBSC collection.
Muto, T., Ohwada, C., Takaishi, K., Isshiki, Y., Nagao, Y., Hasegawa, N., … Nakaseko, C. (2017). Safety and Efficacy of Granulocyte Colony–Stimulating Factor Monotherapy for Peripheral Blood Stem Cell Collection in POEMS Syndrome. Biology of Blood and Marrow Transplantation, 23(2), 361–363. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bbmt.2016.10.024