WLAN (Wireless Local Area Network) has been seen to be one of the promising access technologies that adapts to 4G cellular network systems in providing very high speed connection with QoS guarantee through the polling function. However, when the handover happens, the contention-based medium access mechanism which is mainly used in WLAN is invoked and introduces unbounded transmission delay due to idle time periods and retransmission because of collision during the handover. If this technique is expanded to use in a microcellular network such as connected WLAN micro-cells, contention-based mechanism, therefore, should not be used to handle the MT's handover, especially for vehicular users who change access point every few seconds. To overcome these difficulties in handover, we introduce parallel polling scheme in dynamic LMC (Logical Macro Cell) which can reduce delays much and remove packet loss rate. LMC is a virtual single macro cell which is built on a multicast group of adjacent micro-cells. In the same LMC, polling signals are sent from every BS (base station) to give MT (mobile terminal) permission to access one of these BSs. Instead of wasting much time to contend for resources of a new BS during handover, the MT answers the polling as an acknowledgment to connect to that new BS. The polling response is controlled to multicast to all BSs of the same LMC via the core network to synchronize for the next polling cycle. LMC is controlled to dynamically change when the MT comes in a new BS to make polling signals be continuous in a new LMC. Through analytical and simulation results, we show that the parallel polling scheme can achieve no handover latency, no packet loss and maintain mobile users' throughput stably in the high traffic load condition though it causes overhead on the neighboring cells in both of wired and wireless sections. At speeds of up to70 m/s, the MT can still maintain its stable connection. OMNeT++ simulator with INET project is used to evaluate our proposal. © 2011 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Phan, T. H., Lambertsen, G., & Yamada, T. (2012). Seamless handover supported by parallel polling and dynamic multicast group in connected WLAN micro-cells system. Computer Communications, 35(1), 89–99. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.comcom.2011.07.005