Background Results from randomised controlled trials have shown a higher short-term risk of stroke associated with carotid stenting than with carotid endarterectomy for the treatment of symptomatic carotid stenosis. However, these trials were underpowered for investigation of whether carotid artery stenting might be a safe alternative to endarterectomy in specific patient subgroups. We therefore did a preplanned meta-analysis of individual patient data from three randomised controlled trials. Methods Data from all 3433 patients with symptomatic carotid stenosis who were randomly assigned and analysed in the Endarterectomy versus Angioplasty in Patients with Symptomatic Severe Carotid Stenosis (EVA-3S) trial, the Stent-Protected Angioplasty versus Carotid Endarterectomy (SPACE) trial, and the International Carotid Stenting Study (ICSS) were pooled and analysed with fixed-effect binomial regression models adjusted for source trial. The primary outcome event was any stroke or death. The intention-to-treat (ITT) analysis included all patients and outcome events occurring between randomisation and 120 days thereafter. The per-protocol (PP) analysis was restricted to patients receiving the allocated treatment and events occurring within 30 days after treatment. Findings In the first 120 days after randomisation (ITT analysis), any stroke or death occurred significantly more often in the carotid stenting group (153  of 1725) than in the carotid endarterectomy group (99  of 1708, risk ratio [RR] 153, [95 CI 120-195], p=00006; absolute risk difference 32 [14-49]). Of all subgroup variables assessed, only age significantly modified the treatment effect: in patients younger than 70 years (median age), the estimated 120-day risk of stroke or death was 50 (58) of 869 patients in the carotid stenting group and 48 (57) of 843 in the carotid endarterectomy group (RR 100 [068-147]); in patients 70 years or older, the estimated risk with carotid stenting was twice that with carotid endarterectomy (103  of 856 vs 51  of 865, 204 [148- 282], interaction p=00053, p=00014 for trend). In the PP analysis, risk estimates of stroke or death within 30 days of treatment among patients younger than 70 years were 43 (51) of 851 patients in the stenting group and 37 (45) of 821 in the endarterectomy group (111 [073-171]); in patients 70 years or older, the estimates were 87 (105) of 828 patients and 36 (44) of 824, respectively (241 [165-351]; categorical interaction p=00078, trend interaction p=00013]. Interpretation Stenting for symptomatic carotid stenosis should be avoided in older patients (age >70 years), but might be as safe as endarterectomy in younger patients. Funding The Stroke Association. © 2010 Elsevier Ltd.
M.M., B. (2010). Short-term outcome after stenting versus endarterectomy for symptomatic carotid stenosis: A preplanned meta-analysis of individual patient data. The Lancet. M. M. Brown, Institute of Neurology, University College London, National Hospital for Neurology and Neurosurgery, Queen Square, London WC1N 3BG, United Kingdom. E-mail: email@example.com: Elsevier Limited (32 Jamestown Road, London NW1 7BY, United Kingdom). Retrieved from http://ovidsp.ovid.com/ovidweb.cgi?T=JS&PAGE=reference&D=emed9&NEWS=N&AN=2010538428