A sandwich format immunochromatographic assay for detecting foot-and-mouth disease virus (FMDV) serotypes was developed. In this rapid test, affinity purified polyclonal antibodies from Guinea pigs which were immunized with sucking-mouse adapted FMD virus (A/AV88(L) strain) were conjugated to colloidal gold beads and used as the capture antibody, and affinity purified polyclonal antibodies from rabbits which were immunized with cell-culture adapted FMD virus (A/CHA/09 strain) were used as detector antibody. On the nitrocellulose membrane of the immunochromatographic strip, the capture antibody was laid on a sample pad, the detector antibody was printed at the test line(T) and goat anti-guinea pigs IgG antibodies were immobilized to the control line(C). The lower detection limit of the test for a FMDV 146S antigen is 11.7ng/ml as determined in serial tests after the strip device was assembled and the assay condition optimization. No cross reactions were found with FMDV serotype C, Swine vesicular disease (SVD), Vesicular stomatiti svirus (VSV) and vesicular exanthema of swine virus (VES) viral antigens with this rapid test. Clinically, the diagnostic sensitivity of this test for FMDV serotypes A was 88.7% which is as same as an indirect-sandwich ELISA. The specificity of this strip test was 98.2% and is comparable to the 98.7% obtained with indirect-sandwich ELISA. This rapid strip test is simple, easy and fast for clinical testing on field sites; no special instruments and skills are required, and the result can be obtained within 15 min. To our knowledge, this is the first rapid immunochromatogarpic assay for serotype A of FMDV. © 2011 Wuhan Institute of Virology, CAS and Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg.
T., J., Z., L., W.-W., R., J., C., X.-Y., Z., G.-Y., Q., & X.-T., L. (2011). A simple and rapid colloidal gold-based immunochromatogarpic strip test for detection of FMDV serotype A. Virologica Sinica. X.-P. Cai, State Key Laboratory of Veterinary Etiological Biology, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Ministry of Agriculture, Lanzhou 730046, China. E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org: Science Press (16 Donghuangchenggen North Street, Beijing 100717, China). https://doi.org/10.1007/s12250-011-3166-5