Simplified technique for differential staining of inner cell mass and trophectoderm cells of mouse and bovine blastocysts

305Citations
Citations of this article
98Readers
Mendeley users who have this article in their library.

Abstract

Histological staining and counting of blastocyst inner cell mass (ICM) and trophectoderm (TE) cells differentially with chromatin-specific dyes is a more accurate indicator of cultured blastocyst quality and normality than total cell number assessment. The aim of this study was to test the effectiveness of a simplified method of chemically-defined differential blastocyst staining. The TE of cultured mouse and bovine blastocysts of different developmental stages was stained when blastocysts were treated with a permeabilizing solution containing the ionic detergent Triton X-100 and the fluorochrome propidium iodide. Blastocysts were then incubated in a second solution containing 100% ethanol (for fixation) and the secondary fluorochrome bisbenzimide. Fixed and stained whole blastocysts were mounted and assessed for cell number using ultraviolet fluorescent microscopy. Using this method, in-vitro cultured mouse blastocysts (day 4.5) were shown to have an ICM:TE ratio of 1:2.63 with an average total cell count of 75.3 ± 3. While day 7 and 8 in-vitro produced bovine blastocysts were shown to have an ICM:TE ratio of 1:3.42 and 1:3.36 with an average total cell count of 151.3 ± 5.48 and 217.8 ± 8.75 respectively. Blastocyst staining patterns indicate that this modified technique represents a simple and reliable alternative to current bichromatic blastocyst staining techniques for the differential assessment of cell numbers and may be useful for the assessment of blastocysts derived from in-vitro maturation, novel culture systems and advanced reproductive technologies such as cloning.

Cite

CITATION STYLE

APA

Thouas, G. A., Korfiatis, N. A., French, A. J., Jones, G. M., & Trounson, A. O. (2001). Simplified technique for differential staining of inner cell mass and trophectoderm cells of mouse and bovine blastocysts. Reproductive BioMedicine Online, 3(1), 25–29. https://doi.org/10.1016/S1472-6483(10)61960-8

Register to see more suggestions

Mendeley helps you to discover research relevant for your work.

Already have an account?

Save time finding and organizing research with Mendeley

Sign up for free