Specific PCR-based marker for detection of pathogenic groups of Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. cucumerinum in India

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Abstract

For the detection of Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. cucumerinum pathogenic groups, a specific PCR-based marker was developed. Specific random amplified polymorphic DNA (RAPD) markers which identified in four pathogenic groups I, II, III, and IV were cloned into PGem-Teasy vector. Cloned fragments were sequenced, and used for developing sequence characterized amplified regions (SCAR) primers for detection of pathogenic groups. F. oxysporum f. sp. cucumerinum isolates belonging to four pathogenic groups in India, cucumber nonpathogenic F. oxysporum, F. oxysporum f. sp. moniliforme and melonis, Fusarium udum, and isolate of Alternaria sp. were tested using developed specific primers. A single 1.320 kb, 770 bp, 1.119 kb, and 771 bp fragment were amplified from pathogenic group I, II, III, and IV isolates, respectively. Results showed the PCR based marker, which used in this research work, could detect up to 1 ng of fungal genomic DNA. The specific SCAR primers and PCR technique developed in this research easily detect and differentiate isolates of each F. oxysporum f. sp. cucumerinum pathogenic groups.

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Najafiniya, M., & Sharma, P. (2011). Specific PCR-based marker for detection of pathogenic groups of Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. cucumerinum in India. Journal of Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology, 9(1), 29–34. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jgeb.2011.05.009

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