Spontaneous mutations in gas vesicle genes of Planktothrix spp. affect gas vesicle production and critical pressure

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Abstract

Wild-type strains of the cyanobacterium Planktothrix rubescens have a cluster of gas vesicle (gvp) genes with repeats of alternating gvpA and gvpC. The gvpC occurs in three length variants, all with the same 3′-sequence, ΩC. Spontaneous non-buoyant mutants had lost some of the alternating gvpAC copies and their gvpC genes had a novel 3′-end sequence, ΨC; additional gvpC genes terminating in this sequence were also found in the wild-type and representatives of other GV genotypes. Alleles of gvpC terminating in ΨC occurred only at the downstream ends of the gvpAC clusters investigated; all other gvpCs terminated in ΩC. Mutants of strains with the GV3 genotype produced only 30-50% of the gas vesicles present in the wild-type; their gas vesicles had lower mean critical pressures (0.70-0.78 MPa) than those in the wild-type (1.05-1.10 MPa). © 2002 Federation of European Microbiological Societies. Published by Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved.

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Beard, S. J., Handley, B. A., & Walsby, A. E. (2002). Spontaneous mutations in gas vesicle genes of Planktothrix spp. affect gas vesicle production and critical pressure. FEMS Microbiology Letters, 215(2), 189–195. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0378-1097(02)00956-4

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