Structural and Optical Investigations of Radiation Damage in Transparent PET Polymer Films

  • Prasad S
  • De A
  • De U
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Abstract

Effects of gamma irradiation at different doses up to 135 kGy on polyethylene terephthalate (PET) polymer films have been investigated by X-ray diffraction (XRD), Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy, and ultraviolet-visible (UV-VIS) spectroscopy. From XRD analysis, it was found that even at a high dose of gamma irradiation of 135 kGy, crystallinity of the PET samples remain unchanged. However, the FTIR peak at 871 cm −1 (depicting C–H bending mode of out-of-plane vibration) and another at 1303 cm −1 (representing C–H bending mode of in-plane vibration) disappear for gamma-irradiated PET. In this study, it has also been found that γ -irradiation in air enhances the optical absorption in the wavelength region 320–370 nm. This has been attributed to free radicals being produced in the polymer by the γ -radiation. Further, the free radicals react with oxygen of air to form carbonyl group and hydroxyls. With increasing γ -dose, there is a red shift of the UV—near visible cutoff for PET. XRD and FTIR observations on γ -damage have been correlated.

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Prasad, S. G., De, A., & De, U. (2011). Structural and Optical Investigations of Radiation Damage in Transparent PET Polymer Films. International Journal of Spectroscopy, 2011, 1–7. https://doi.org/10.1155/2011/810936

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