Subcellular localization and PKC-dependent regulation of the human lysophospholipase A/acyl-protein thioesterase in WISH cells

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Abstract

Lysophospholipases play essential roles in keeping their multi-functional substrates, the lysophospholipids, at safe levels. Recently, a 25 kDa human lysophospholipase A (hLysoPLA I) that is highly conserved among rat, mouse, human and rabbit has been cloned, expressed and characterized and appears to hydrolyze only lysophospholipids among the various lipid substrates. Interestingly, this enzyme also displays acyl-protein thioesterase activity towards a G protein α subunit. To target the subcellular location of this hLysoPLA I, we have carried out immunocytochemical studies and report here that hLysoPLA I appears to be associated with the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) and nuclear envelope in human amnionic WISH cells and not the plasma membrane. In addition, we found that the hLysoPLA I can be up-regulated by phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (PMA) stimulation, a process in which phospholipase A2 is activated and lysophospholipids are generated in WISH cells. Furthermore, the PMA-induced hLysoPLA I expression can be blocked by the protein kinase C (PKC) inhibitor Go6976. The regulated expression of the LysoPLA/acyl-protein thioesterase by PKC may have important implications for signal transduction processes. Copyright (C) 2000 Elsevier Science B.V.

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Wang, A., Johnson, C. A., Jones, Y., Ellisman, M. H., & Dennis, E. A. (2000). Subcellular localization and PKC-dependent regulation of the human lysophospholipase A/acyl-protein thioesterase in WISH cells. Biochimica et Biophysica Acta - Molecular and Cell Biology of Lipids, 1484(2–3), 207–214. https://doi.org/10.1016/S1388-1981(00)00020-2

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