© 2016 The Author(s). Background: The extent of lung hypoplasia in neonates with congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) can be assessed from gas exchange. We examined the role of preductal capillary blood gases in prognosticating outcome in patients with CDH. Methods: We retrospectively reviewed demographic data, disease characteristics, and preductal capillary blood gases on admission and within 24 h following admission for 44 high-risk outborn neonates. All neonates were intubated after delivery due to acute respiratory distress, and were emergently transferred via ground ambulance to our unit between 1/2000 and 12/2014. The main outcome measure was survival to hospital discharge and explanatory variables of interest were preductal capillary blood gases obtained on admission and during the first 24 h following admission. Results: Higher ratio of preductal partial pressure of oxygen to fraction of inspired oxygen (PcO2/FIO2) on admission predicted survival (AUC = 0.69, P = 0.04). However, some neonates substantially improve PcO2/FIO2following initiation of treatment. Among neonates who survived at least 24 h, the highest preductal PcO2/FIO2achieved in the initial 24 h was the strongest predictor of survival (AUC = 0.87, P = 0.002). Nonsurvivors had a mean admission preductal PcCO2higher than survivors (91 ± 31 vs. 70 ± 25 mmHg, P = 0.02), and their PcCO2remained high during the first 24 h of treatment. Conclusion: The inability to achieve adequate gas exchange within 24 h of initiation of intensive care treatment is an ominous sign in high-risk outborn neonates with CDH. We suggest that improvement of oxygenation during the first 24 h, along with other relevant clinical signs, should be used when making decisions regarding treatment options in these critically ill neonates.
Grizelj, R., Bojanić, K., Pritišanac, E., Luetić, T., Vuković, J., Weingarten, T. N., … Sprung, J. (2016). Survival prediction of high-risk outborn neonates with congenital diaphragmatic hernia from capillary blood gases. BMC Pediatrics, 16(1). https://doi.org/10.1186/s12887-016-0658-y