RESULTS: Of 49 patients, IMH was detected in 20 (41%) by SW MRI, 21 (43%) by T2-weighted and 17 (34%) by T2 star imaging (p = ns). Compared to T2-weighted imaging, SW MRI had sensitivity of 93% and specificity of 86%. SW MRI had similar inter-observer reliability to T2-weighted imaging (κ = 0.90 and κ = 0.88 respectively); both had higher reliability than T2 star (κ = 0.53). Breath hold times were shorter for SW MRI (4 seconds vs. 16 seconds) with improved image quality rating (3.8 ± 0.4, 3.3 ± 1.0, 2.8 ± 1.1 respectively; p < 0.01). CONCLUSIONS: SW MRI is an accurate and reproducible way to detect IMH at 3T. The technique offers considerably shorter breath hold times than T2-weighted and T2 star imaging, and higher image quality scores. BACKGROUND: Intramyocardial hemorrhage (IMH) identified by cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) is an established prognostic marker following acute myocardial infarction (AMI). Detection of IMH by T2-weighted or T2 star CMR can be limited by long breath hold times and sensitivity to artefacts, especially at 3T. We compared the image quality and diagnostic ability of susceptibility-weighted magnetic resonance imaging (SW MRI) with T2-weighted and T2 star CMR to detect IMH at 3T. METHODS: Forty-nine patients (42 males; mean age 58 years, range 35-76) underwent 3T cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) 2 days following re-perfused AMI. T2-weighted, T2 star and SW MRI images were obtained. Signal and contrast measurements were compared between the three methods and diagnostic accuracy of SW MRI was assessed against T2w images by 2 independent, blinded observers. Image quality was rated on a 4-point scale from 1 (unusable) to 4 (excellent).
Kidambi, A., Biglands, J. D., Higgins, D. M., Ripley, D. P., Zaman, A., Broadbent, D. A., … Plein, S. (2014). Susceptibility-weighted cardiovascular magnetic resonance in comparison to T2 and T2 star imaging for detection of intramyocardial hemorrhage following acute myocardial infarction at 3 Tesla. Journal of Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance : Official Journal of the Society for Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance, 16, 86. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12968-014-0086-9