Enterocutaneous fistulas occur most commonly following surgery. A minority of them is caused by a myriad of other etiologies including infection, malignancy, and radiation. While some fistulas may close spontaneously, most patients will eventually need surgery to resolve this pathology. Successful treatment entails adoption of various methods of treatment aimed at control of sepsis, protection of surrounding skin and soft tissue, control of fistula output, and maintenance of nutrition, with eventual spontaneous or surgical closure of the fistula. The aim of this article is to review the various treatment options in their appropriate context.
Ashkenazi, I., Turégano-Fuentes, F., Olsha, O., & Alfici, R. (2017). Treatment Options in Gastrointestinal Cutaneous Fistulas. The Surgery Journal, 03(01), e25–e31. https://doi.org/10.1055/s-0037-1599273