A Tyrosine Switch on NEDD4-2 E3 Ligase Transmits GPCR Inflammatory Signaling

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Abstract

Ubiquitination is essential for protein degradation and signaling and pivotal to many physiological processes. Ubiquitination of a subset of G-protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs) by the E3 ligase NEDD4-2 is required for p38 activation, but how GPCRs activate NEDD4-2 to promote ubiquitin-mediated signaling is not known. Here, we report that the GPCR protease-activated receptor-1 (PAR1) stimulates c-Src-mediated tyrosine phosphorylation and activation of NEDD4-2 to promote p38 signaling and endothelial barrier disruption. Using mass spectrometry, we identified a unique phosphorylated tyrosine (Y)-485 within the 2,3-linker peptide between WW domain 2 and 3 of NEDD4-2 in agonist-stimulated cells. Mutation of NEDD4-2 Y485 impaired E3 ligase activity and failed to rescue PAR1-stimulated p38 activation and endothelial barrier permeability. The purinergic P2Y 1 receptor also required c-Src and NEDD4-2 tyrosine phosphorylation for p38 activation. These studies reveal a novel role for c-Src in GPCR-induced NEDD4-2 activation, which is critical for driving ubiquitin-mediated p38 inflammatory signaling. Grimsey et al. report that GPCRs stimulate activation of NEDD4-2 E3 ubiquitin ligase via c-Src to induce endothelial p38 inflammatory signaling. c-Src phosphorylates NEDD4-2 at tyrosine-485, releasing the auto-inhibitory linker peptide that is critical for enhancing E3 ligase activity, and provides mechanistic insight of how GPCRs activate E3 ubiquitin ligases.

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Grimsey, N. J., Narala, R., Rada, C. C., Mehta, S., Stephens, B. S., Kufareva, I., … Trejo, J. A. (2018). A Tyrosine Switch on NEDD4-2 E3 Ligase Transmits GPCR Inflammatory Signaling. Cell Reports, 24(12), 3312-3323.e5. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.celrep.2018.08.061

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