Using a personalized decision support algorithm for dosing in warfarin treatment: A randomised controlled trial

1Citations
Citations of this article
12Readers
Mendeley users who have this article in their library.

Abstract

Background Vitamin K-antagonists such as warfarin treatment remain the mainstay to prevent thromboembolic events in various conditions. The quality of the treatment is reflected through time in therapeutic (INR) range (TTR) with a threshold at ≥ 70% indicating ‘good quality’; achieving this quality is not trivial. We conducted a randomised controlled trial to assess the impact of decision aiding model on treatment quality in a high quality vitamin K-antagonist treatment setting. Methods We investigated if algorithm-suggested warfarin dosing was superior to standard dosing in a high-quality setting involving self-managing warfarin patients. Patients were initially allocated to either algorithm-suggested warfarin dosing or to standard care treatment, and were crossed over after three months. The trial period was a total of six months, and the primary endpoint was TTR; we also investigated a secondary endpoint of log-transformed INR variability. Results A total of 191 patients contributed to the main analysis with a mean follow-up time of 140 days; 75% were males and the mean age was 65 years old. The intervention arm achieved a TTR of 81.6, while the placebo arm attained a TTR of 80.9 (difference [intervention arm minus placebo arm]: 0.67 (95% confidence interval − 2.93 to 4.27). The difference in INR variability was 0.30 (0.14 to 0.47), favouring the placebo arm in terms of lower log transformed variability. Conclusions We found no difference between the two trial-arms in a high-quality warfarin treatment setup. However in general, the model performed similarly as to routine patient self-management care. (ClinicalTrials.gov number: NCT02705976)

Cite

CITATION STYLE

APA

Nielsen, P. B., Lundbye-Christensen, S., van der Male, M., & Larsen, T. B. (2017). Using a personalized decision support algorithm for dosing in warfarin treatment: A randomised controlled trial. Clinical Trials and Regulatory Science in Cardiology, 25, 1–6. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ctrsc.2016.11.002

Register to see more suggestions

Mendeley helps you to discover research relevant for your work.

Already have an account?

Save time finding and organizing research with Mendeley

Sign up for free