In recent years, the simple picture of a viral fusion protein interacting with the cell and/or viral membranes by means of only two localized segments (i.e. the fusion peptide and the transmembrane domain) has given way to a more complex picture in which multiple regions from the viral proteins interact with membranes. Indeed, possible roles in membrane binding and/or destabilization have been postulated for the N-terminal heptad repeats, pre-transmembrane segments, and other internal regions of fusion proteins from distant viruses (such as orthomyxo-, retro-, paramyxo-, or flaviviruses). This review focuses on the experimental evidence and functional models postulated so far about the role of these regions in the process of virus-induced membrane fusion. © 2003 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Peisajovich, S. G., & Shai, Y. (2003, July 11). Viral fusion proteins: Multiple regions contribute to membrane fusion. Biochimica et Biophysica Acta - Biomembranes. Elsevier. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0005-2736(03)00170-6