In vitro and in vivo evaluation of polyherbal formulation against Russell's viper and cobra venom and screening of bioactive components by docking studies

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Abstract

The present study emphasizes to reveal the antivenom activity of Aristolochia bracteolata Lam., Tylophora indica (Burm.f.) Merrill, and Leucas aspera S. which were evaluated against venoms of Daboia russelli russelli (Russell's viper) and Naja naja (Indian cobra). The aqueous extracts of leaves and roots of the above-mentioned plants and their polyherbal (1: 1: 1) formulation at a dose of 200 mg/kg showed protection against envenomed mice with LDdoses of 0.44 mg/kg and 0.28 mg/kg against Russell's viper and cobra venom, respectively. In in vitro antioxidant activities sample extracts showed free radical scavenging effects in dose dependent manner. Computational drug design and docking studies were carried out to predict the neutralizing principles of type I phospholipase A(PLA from Indian common krait venom. This confirmed that aristolochic acid and leucasin can neutralize type I PLAenzyme. Results suggest that these plants could serve as a source of natural antioxidants and common antidote for snake bite. However, further studies are needed to identify the lead molecule responsible for antidote activity. © 2013 G. Sakthivel et al.

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Sakthivel, G., Dey, A., Nongalleima, K., Chavali, M., Rimal Isaac, R. S., Singh, N. S., & Deb, L. (2013). In vitro and in vivo evaluation of polyherbal formulation against Russell’s viper and cobra venom and screening of bioactive components by docking studies. Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine, 2013. https://doi.org/10.1155/2013/781216

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