The weak-prefix search problem consists of searching for the strings in a dictionary S that are prefixed by a pattern P[1,p]; if no such string does occur, any answer can be returned. Strings in S have average length ℓ, are n in number, and are given in advance to be preprocessed, whereas the pattern P is provided on-line. In this paper we solve this problem in the external-memory and in the cache-oblivious models by using the optimal O(nlogℓ) bits of space and requiring O(p/B+log B n) I/Os. The searching algorithm is of Monte Carlo type, so its answer is correct with high probability. We also discuss some variants of the problem concerning with a distribution over the queried patterns, a deterministic solution, and foresee applications in the design of energy-efficient data structures. © 2012 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Ferragina, P. (2013). On the weak prefix-search problem. In Theoretical Computer Science (Vol. 483, pp. 75–84). https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tcs.2012.06.011