A particulate formation-laser scattering detector (PFLSD) was developed and used for evaluating the crystallization efficiency of inorganic polyphosphates (PPs) that reacted with either magnesium or calcium cations. As the solutions for reactive crystallization, 0.5M ammonium buffer (pH 9.6) containing either 0.15M MgCl2or 0.15M CaCl2(MAP: magnesium ammonium phosphate and HAP: hydroxyapatite solution) were used. In the case of mono- and diphosphate (P1 and P2), the significant dependences of the particulate formation efficiency on various types of both P1/P2 and MAP/HAP reaction solutions were observed with the direct sample injection mode. The PFLSD was hyphenated with the anion-exchange chromatography and the dependence of the particulate formation efficiency on the polymerization degree (np) of PP oligomers, separated chromatographically, was evaluated sequentially. The significant suppression of the particulate formation for PP oligomers was clearly confirmed, i.e., the MAP and HAP reaction solutions did not produce the particulates of the PP oligomers having an npvalue of more than 3 and 5, respectively. As the overall tendency, the particulate formation efficiency in the case of the HAP solution was superior to that in the case of the MAP solution. © 2010 Elsevier B.V.
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