A density functional study of the structures and energetics of small hetero-atomic silicon-carbon nanoclusters

  • Pradhan P
  • Ray A
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Abstract

The theoretical formalism of local density approximation (LDA) to density functional theory (DFT) has been used to study the electronic and geometric structures of SimCn(1≤m, n≤4) clusters. An all electron 6-311++G** basis set has been used and complete geometry optimizations of different possible structures for a specific cluster have been carried out. Comparisons of the structures and the stabilities of the clusters and their dependence on cluster sizes and stoichiometry have been performed in detail. Binding energies, fragmentation energies, vibrational frequencies, HOMO-LUMO gaps, vertical ionization potentials and vertical electron affinities of the optimized clusters have been investigated and reported in detail. Clusters with equal numbers of silicon and carbon atoms are found to be particularly stable. In particular, based on the simultaneous criteria of high binding energy, high band gap, high ionization potential, and low electron affinity, we believe that Si3C3is a candidate for a highly stable or a so-called 'magic cluster'. Results have been compared with other experimental and theoretical results available in the literature. © 2004 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Author-supplied keywords

  • Carbon
  • Clusters
  • Density functional theory
  • Local density approximation
  • Silicon

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Authors

  • Prachi Pradhan

  • Asok K. Ray

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