Design and properties of a flow-injection analysis cell using potassium-selective ion-sensitive field-effect transistors as detection elements

  • van der Wal P
  • Sudhölter E
  • Reinhoudt D
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Abstract

The combination of flow-injection analysis (FIA) and chemically modified ion-sensitive field-effect transistors (CHEMFETs) is described. In a wall-jet cell, two identical potassium-selective CHEMFETs were used for a differential measurement using a platinum (pseudo-)reference electrode. Silicone-rubber membrane materials, chemically bound to the SiO2gate oxide, were used with valinomycin as the ionophore. The optimized FIA system showed a linear response of 56 mV per decade for potassium concentrations above 5 × 10-5M. Preliminary results of potassium determinations in human serum and urine samples are presented. © 1991.

Author-supplied keywords

  • Flow system
  • Ion-sensitive field-effect transistors
  • Potassium
  • Serum
  • Urine
  • Voltammetry

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