The fully automated IMx?? immunoassay analyzer was used to develop a system for the detection of IgG and IgM antibodies to rubella virus for immune status screening and diagnosis of primary infections. Reagents and assay protocol software were developed using rubella virus sensitized microparticles as the solid phase to capture specific antibodies from serum samples. Anti-human IgG or IgM antibody coupled to alkaline phosphatase enzyme followed by methylumbelliferyl phosphate substrate was used to detect the presence or absence of antibodies specific to the antigens on the solid phase. To evaluate the efficacy of the IMx rubella IgG assay, immune status screening was performed with a clinical patient population of 501 sera. When compared to an IgG specific enzyme immunoassay and passive hemagglutination assay the agreement was greater than 99%. The IMx rubella IgM assay was utilized to determine the presence of rubella specific IgM antibodies in 462 sera. These results were compared to IgM specific enzyme immunoassay results and also demonstrated greater than 99% agreement. Seroconversion following rubella vaccination of susceptible individuals was demonstrated by IgG and IgM antibody responses as early as two weeks postvaccination. In addition to automation, the IMx system offers rapid assay times and calibration curve storage without sacrificing clinical efficacy. ?? 1990.
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