For a class of ordinary differential operators P with polynomial coefficients, we give a necessary and sufficient condition for P to be globally regular in R, i.e. u∈S'(R) and Pu∈S(R) imply u∈S(R) (this can be regarded as a global version of the Schwartz' hypoellipticity notion). The condition involves the asymptotic behavior, at infinity, of the roots ξ=ξj(x) of the equation p(x, ξ)=0, where p(x, ξ) is the (Weyl) symbol of P. © 2013 Elsevier Inc.
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