Gradiometric DC superconducting quantum interference devices (SQUIDs) have been constructed from thin-film YBa2Cu3O7-x on MgO substrates. The SQUIDs were fabricated as forst-order gradiometers with PrBa2Cu3O7-x insulator providing electrical isolation at the crossovers. Highly symmetrical first-order gradiometer flux transformers have also been fabricated. These couple to the SQUIDs and enhance the sensitivity to magnetic-field gradients. Each flux transformer has two 20 turn flat spiral SQUID input coils and a pair of larger-area balanced pickup coils. Flux transformers with both parallel and series configured pickup loops have been fabricated. When coupled to a SQUID as a flip chip, one gradiometer was operated at 77 K with a gradient sensitivity of (0.79±0.03) nT/m/ √Hz at 10 Hz and (2.0±0.1) nT/m/ √Hz at 1 Hz. © 1994.
Keene, M. N., Chew, N. G., Goodyear, S. W., Edwards, J. A., Humphreys, R. G., Lander, K., & Satchell, J. S. (1994). High-temperature superconducting gradiometric SQUIDs and flux transformers. Physica C: Superconductivity and Its Applications, 230(1–2), 110–114. https://doi.org/10.1016/0921-4534(94)90451-0