The reml mutations of Saccharomyces cerevisiae confer a semi-dominant hyper-recombination/hypermutation phenotype. Neither reml mutant allele has any apparent meiotic affect. We have examined spontaneous mutation in reml-2 strains and demonstrate that the reml-2 mutation, like reml-1, confers an average 10-fold increase in reversion and forward mutation rates. Unlike certain yeast rad mutations with phenotypes similar to reml, strains containing reml are resistant to MMS and only slightly UV sensitive at very high doses. To understand the mutator phenotype of reml, we have used a double-mutant approach, combining the reml mutation with radiation-sensitive mutations affecting DNA repair. Double mutants of reml-2 and a mutation in the yeast error-prone repair group (rad6-1) or a mutation in excision repair (radl-2 or rad4) maintain the hyper-mutation phenotype. Since mutation rates remain elevated in these double-mutant strains, it appears as if the mutations which occur in the presence of reml resemble spontaneous mutation since they do not require the action of a repair system. © 1987.
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