Oxygen, carbon and strontium isotope ratios point to a ground-water origin for the carbonates found in Hawaiian Volcanic Series rocks. Strontium isotope ratios in the xenoliths and host basalts indicate a genetic relationship between them. © 1970.
O’Neil, J. R., Hedge, C. E., & Jackson, E. D. (1970). Isotopic investigations of xenoliths and host basalts from the Honolulu volcanic series. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 8(3), 253–257. https://doi.org/10.1016/0012-821X(70)90185-8