The upflow anaerobic sludge blanket (UASB) method has been developed as an efficient anaerobic wastewater treatment process; however, the performance of this process in the removal nitrogenous compounds and phosphate is not high. Here, we present the water treatment performance of a lighted upflow anaerobic sludge blanket (LUASB) reactor and propose a novel LUASB concept. A population of phototrophic bacteria was induced from UASB granules under light conditions (100 μE·m-2·s-1). The ammonium and phosphate ion removal efficiencies of the LUASB reactor were higher than those of a UASB reactor. The difference in the results from runs under light and dark conditions suggests that the efficiencies of ammonium and phosphate ion removal were improved by an increase in the phototrophic bacteria in the LUASB reactor. The UASB granule can decompose a variety of organic substances; therefore, the LUASB method could also be effective for producing phototrophic bacterial biomass and polyhydroxyalkanoates (PHAs) from various wastewaters.
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