Spectra of Mars from 100 to 360 cm-1were obtained during three different observation periods from NASA's Kuiper Airborne Observatory. Also, a new thermal model was constructed for the surface of Mars, and synthetic spectra were computed from the models to compare with the observations. The models include the effects of a dusty atmosphere which absorbs, scatters, and reradiates energy. The synthetic spectra show significant effects on disk-averaged brigthness temperatures, as well as absorption features, due to silicate dust. The spectra of Mars, which are ratios of Mars to the Moon, do not fit the synthetic spectra unless the surface emissivities of Mars and the Moon have different dependencies on wavelenght. A possible explanation for this behavior is a difference in soil particle-size distributions between Mars and the Moon, with Mars being depleted in large particles compared to the Moon. Small particles are consistent with clay minerals which have been suggested elsewhere as constituents of the Martian surface. © 1981.
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