A stainless steel-supported Knudsen membrane (SKM) with remarkably high permeability was successfully synthesized using only 100 nm-sized colloidal silica sol by means of a dipping-rolling-freezing-fast drying (DRFF) and soaking-rolling-freezing-fast drying (SRFF) method. Hydrogen and nitrogen permeances of the SKM were (6.7-8.2) × 10-6 and (1.8-2.3) × 10-6 mol m-2 s-1 Pa-1 with a H2/N2 permselectivity of 3.5-3.7, which approaches to a theoretical H2/N2 selectivity for the Knudsen diffusion mechanism (3.74). In comparison with a typical mesoporous γ-alumina membrane supported on a porous stainless steel or α-alumina substrate, the SKM had 20 and 5.5 times permeance with almost same H2/N2 permselectivity, respectively. Generally, mesoporous materials such as γ-alumina and the M41S family with several nm-sized pores are employed to obtain the Knudsen-dominated permeation characteristics. In this case, a decrease in the gas permeance is inevitable due to deposition of a mesoporous skin layer. However, in the case of the SKM, the Knudsen-dominated permselectivity was extraordinarily obtained through modification of porous stainless steel substrates with the colloidal silica particles having relatively large particle size, because a well-densified layer of the 100 nm-sized colloidal silica could be obtained without formation of defects via the freezing procedure. In addition, the large porosity of the 100 nm-sized colloidal silica layer gave rise to the remarkably high gas permeance. © 2007 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Lee, D. W., Park, S. J., Yu, C. Y., Ihm, S. K., & Lee, K. H. (2007). Novel synthesis of a porous stainless steel-supported Knudsen membrane with remarkably high permeability. Journal of Membrane Science, 302(1–2), 265–270. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.memsci.2007.06.054