Thermally and chemically stable proton conductors were prepared via surface-sulfonation of sol-gel-derived phenylsilsesquioxane-methylsilsesquioxane (PhSiO3/2-MeSiO3/2) particles in a range from 250 to 650 nm in diameter. MeSiO3/2 component was indispensable to improve the chemical durability against sulfonation solvent. Proton conductivity of the pelletized samples prepared using the sulfonated PhSiO3/2-MeSiO3/2 particles increased linearly with increasing the ion exchange capacity (IEC) of the particles. The mobility (μ) of proton was calculated to be 0.3 × 10- 4 cm2/V s. Porous PhSiO3/2-MeSiO3/2 particles prepared using a cationic surfactant of cetyltrimethylammonium bromide (CTAB) as a template of pores showed higher both IEC and water uptake, leading to an increase in proton conductivity to ∼ 10- 2 S/cm at 80 °C and 80% relative humidity. © 2007 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Daiko, Y., Katagiri, K., Ogura, K., Sakai, M., & Matsuda, A. (2007). Preparation and characterization of surface-sulfonated phenylsilsesquioxane-methylsilsesquioxane particles. Solid State Ionics, 178(7–10), 601–605. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ssi.2007.01.021