Progress in the development of a large RF negative ion source for fusion

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A large area RF source for negative ion-based injection systems has been developed and for the first time H--current densities have been extracted which are comparable to those produced by conventional arc sources. This paper describes the design of the source and gives the results of H--extraction experiments. A feature of this RF source is an increase of extracted ion current by up to a factor of four if noble gases are added to the hydrogen discharge. By this effect, a current density of 9 mA/cm2 at 0.65 Pa has been achieved in volume production. With caesium seeding up to 20 mA/cm2 could be extracted at 1 Pa source pressure with the addition of argon and a hot plasma grid. Recently, the RF source has been modified for long pulse operation by the installation of a Faraday screen. © 2001 Published by Elsevier Science B.V.

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Vollmer, O., Heinemann, B., Kraus, W., McNeely, P., Riedl, R., Speth, E., … Wilhelm, R. (2001). Progress in the development of a large RF negative ion source for fusion. Fusion Engineering and Design, 5657, 465–470.

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