Hyperprolactinaemia, as induced by pituitary homografts under the kindey capsule, was accompanied by an inhibition of development of gastric ulcers following the application of cold-plus-restraint stress in male rats. This effect was mimicked by intracisternal administration of a low dose of the hormone. Peripheral injection of the dopamine receptor antagonist, domperidone, also inhibited the development of stress-induced ulcers. However, no effect was found after peripheral injection of another dopamine receptor antagonist, haloperidol. This latter drug appeared to antagonize the cytoprotective effect of prolactin (PRL) on stress-induced ulcers. Furthermore, peripheral injection of the prostaglandin synthesis inhibitor, indomethacin, increased the incidence of gastric ulcers in hyperprolactinaemic rats subjected to cold -plus-restraint stress. These data suggest that the cytoprotective effect of PRL on development of gastric ulcers in stressed animals may involve both central (i.e. dopamine transmission) and peripheral (i.e. prostaglandin synthesis) mechanisms. © 1985.
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