The establishment of a Global Ocean Observing System (GOOS) requires a telematic infrastructure for the exchange of information. To allow for future developments in measurement technology, modelling and forecasting, an architectural framework is required that enables integration of new technology in an operational environment. Other sectors i.e. the traffic and transport sector have comparable requirements. In this sector considerable efforts have already been spent in methodologies for system architectures, definitions of system architecture and standardisation. GOOS and EuroGOOS could benefit from the lessons learned in the traffic and transport sector. An architectural approach followed in the traffic and transport sector is presented. Another approach that seems valuable in both sectors is the use of model based measurement systems as a basis for smarter measurement systems. Smarter measurement systems will undoubtedly influence the systems architecture. © 1997 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
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