Acoustic radiation pressure produced by a beam of sound

  • Chu B
  • Apfel R
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Abstract

The second-order force produced by a sound beam directed normally at a plane target is calculated. Previous theories on acoustic radiation pressures associated with plane acoustic waves are examined critically and erroneous results, where they exist, are noted and rectified. A number of general relations are established using a new approach which avoids the necessity of dealing with detailed solutions of the governing nonlinear equations. Some of the concepts inferred from known solutions obtained by previous authors require drastic revision in the light of the present study. Specifically, the notion that Rayleigh radiation pressure depends on the nonlinearity of the medium {while Langevin radiation pressure does not) is not true in the case where the medium is bound by a partially reflecting wall. Again, that the concept that Rayleigh radiation pressure depends on the acoustic field only through the energy density of the field is shown to be false. In one instance it is shown to depend also on how the field is maintained, while in another instance it does not appear to depend on the mean energy density of the field at all.

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Authors

  • Boa‐Teh Chu

  • Robert E. Apfel

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