Adaptive capacity determinants in developed states: Examples from the Nordic countries and Russia

  • Keskitalo E
  • Dannevig H
  • Hovelsrud G
 et al. 
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Abstract

Adaptive capacity in a community context has so far mainly been studied
in developing countries as well as indigenous communities in the
industrialised world. This article adds to that literature through
reviewing studies undertaken in the Nordic countries and Russia,
highlighting the ways in which general determinants of adaptive capacity
play out in Northern, industrialised contexts. The paper illustrates
that the determinants of adaptive capacity in industrialised states
exhibit systematic differences from mixed subsistence-cash based
communities such as those found in Arctic Canada. We discuss in
particular the importance of economic resources in a market-based
system, technological competition, and infrastructure, in determining
adaptive capacity of natural resource-dependent communities in the
Nordic countries and Russia. The paper also illustrates differences in
adaptive capacity within the case study region, including between
peripheral and central locations with regard to economic resources and
diversification possibilities, and between Nordic and Russian cases with
regard to infrastructure and technology access. The findings indicate
that understanding of determinants of adaptive capacity in
resource-dependent communities would benefit from both further
contextualisation and broad comparison, across different types of
political and administrative systems.

Author-supplied keywords

  • Adaptation
  • Adaptive capacity
  • Community vulnerability
  • Finland
  • Nordic countries
  • Norway
  • Russia
  • Sweden

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