Adsorption of diethylchlorophosphate on metal oxide nanoparticles under static conditions

  • Saxena A
  • Mangal H
  • Rai P
 et al. 
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Abstract

Nanoparticles of MgO, Al2O3, CaO and SiO2were synthesized using aerogel route, and characterized by N2-BET, SEM, TEM, XRD, TGA and FT-IR techniques. Characterization indicated 2-75nm diameter nanoparticles with 135-887m2/g surface area and microporous-mesoporous characteristics. Prepared nanoparticles were tested for their adsorptive potential by conducting studies on kinetics of adsorption of diethylchlorophosphate under static conditions. The kinetic parameters such as equilibration constant, equilibration capacity, diffusional exponent and adsorbate-adsorbent interaction constant have been determined using linear driving force model and Fickian diffusion model. AP-MgO and AP-CaO showed the maximum (1011mg/g) and minimum (690mg/g) uptake of DEClP, respectively. All nanoparticles showed the values of diffusional exponent to be >0.5, indicating the diffusion mechanism to be anomalous. Hydrolysis reaction (identified using GC/MS technique) was found to be the route of degradation of DEClP. © 2010 Elsevier B.V.

Author-supplied keywords

  • Adsorption kinetics
  • Degradation
  • Diethylchlorophosphate
  • Metal oxide nanoparticles

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