Anatomic Plantar Plate Repair Using the Weil Metatarsal Osteotomy Approach

  • Weil L
  • Sung W
  • Weil L
 et al. 
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The purpose of this study was to analyze the early results of a new technique for anatomic plantar plate repair and advancement using a Weil metatarsal osteotomy of the second metatarsal. The authors retrospectively reviewed medical records of 13 consecutive adult patients (15 feet) who underwent this procedure by a single surgeon. The authors recorded visual analog pain scale scores preoperatively and postoperatively and patient-reported clinical outcome measurement surveys during their final follow-up visit. At an average of 22.5 months (range, 13 to 33 months) follow-up, 11 of 13 patients (85%) reported improved function whereas 10 of 13 (77%) were either satisfied or very satisfied with the outcome. Postoperative scores on the American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society Lesser Metatarsophalangeal- Interphalangeal Scale averaged 85.7 on a scale of 100 (SD = 13.1, 95% CI = 79.1-91.5). Patients reported an average preoperative visual analog pain scale of 7.3 (SD = 1.6, 95% CI = 6.4-8.1) versus an average of 1.7 (SD = 1.8, 95% CI = 0.7-2.7) postoperatively. This was a significant reduction in pain rating (P < .0001, t = 8.9, df = 27). Complications included painful hardware and metatarsalgia. There were no cases of dehiscence, malunion, nonunion, or recurrent metatarsophalangeal joint subluxation. This unique surgical technique addresses metatarsal overload and the instability of the second metatarsophalangeal joint while allowing for anatomic repair of the plantar plate pathology.

Author-supplied keywords

  • Weil metatarsal osteotomy
  • crossover toe
  • dislocation
  • lesser toe subluxation
  • metatarsophalangeal joint instability
  • plantar plate repair

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  • Lowell Weil

  • Wenjay Sung

  • Lowell Scott Weil

  • Kelly Malinoski

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