The application of social cognitive career theory to sport and leisure career choices

  • Cunningham G
  • Bruening J
  • Sartore M
 et al. 
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Abstract

Social cognitive career theory is used to investigate student intentions to enter the sport and leisure industry. Data are gathered from 197 undergraduate stu- dents from four universities located across the United States. Path analysis sup- ports the general model, as self-efficacy and outcomes expectations hold posi- tive associations with vocational interests, which in turn are positively related to choice goals. Self-efficacy is also positively associated with outcomes expecta- tions. Additionally, through comparison of competing models, support is gar- nered for the effects of supports (i.e.,human and social capital) and barriers (i.e., discrimination and lack of advancement opportunities) to be manifested on self- efficacy. Theoretical and practical implications are discussed. Keywords:

Author-supplied keywords

  • Career intentions
  • Outcome expectations
  • Self-efficacy

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