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Journal article

Artritis séptica y osteomielitis aguda en pediatría

Ibáñez L. A, Baar Z. A, Martínez S. G, Piza L. C, Eckholt G. S ...see all

Rev. chil. ortop. traumatol, vol. 50, issue 1 (2009) pp. 17-23

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Abstract

Objective: To review the clinical presentation, the organisms responsible for arthritis and acute osteomyelitis and the intrahospitalary and ambulatorie management in childhood less than 16 years in the post Haemophilus influenza tipe B vaccine era. Methods: Retrospective review of clinic case account in the Hospital Clínico de la Pontificia Universidad Católica in the period from January 2004 to July 2008 with the diagnosis of acute infection oteomyelitis and septic arthritis. There were include all the cases, with or without surgical management and intra and extra hospitalary infection source. Results: There were 32 total cases, 22 acute osteomyelitis (AOM) and 16 septic arthritis (SA). Pain and functional impotence of lower limbs, were the 2 first sintoms. The agent was isolated in 25 percent of the SA and 54.5 percent of the AOM. The most frecuent isolated agent in AOM was the Staphilococcus aureus. In SA, there was no isolated this agent. Discussion: The clinical findings of the osteoarticular infections (OAI), presents with a loss florid illness than the classical presentation. To know the agent take time. For that reason, we thought that the empirical intravenosus antibiotical treatment is fundamental in this knew studies about this matter, that can propuose an universal empyric antibiotic therapy.(AU)

Author-supplied keywords

  • Acute Disease
  • Age and Sex Distribution
  • Anti-Bacterial Agents/therapeutic use
  • Arthritis, Infectious/drug therapy
  • Arthritis, Infectious/epidemiology
  • Arthritis, Infectious/microbiology
  • Bacteria/isolation & purification
  • Cefazolin/therapeutic use
  • Child
  • Child, Preschool
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Infant
  • Male
  • Osteomyelitis/drug therapy
  • Osteomyelitis/epidemiology
  • Osteomyelitis/microbiology
  • Parvovirus B19, Human/isolation & purification
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Staphylococcus aureus/isolation & purification

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Authors

  • Angélica Ibáñez L.

  • Alejandro Baar Z.

  • Gino Martínez S.

  • Cristóbal Piza L.

  • Sergio Eckholt G.

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