Fifty-five transgender youth described their gender development and some of the stressful life experiences related to their gender identity and gender expression. More than two-thirds of youth re-ported past verbal abuse by their parents or peers related to their gender identity and nonconformity, and approximately one-fifth to one-third reported past physical abuse. The more gender non-conforming the youth were, the more abuse they reported. Four aspects of psychological resilience were examined: a sense of per-sonal mastery, self-esteem, perceived social support, and emotion-oriented coping. A regression model of the selected aspects of re-silience accounted for 40%–55% of the variance in relation to depression, trauma symptoms, mental health symptoms, and in-ternalizing and externalizing problems. Emotion-oriented coping was a significant predictor of negative mental health as determined by each of the mental health variables.
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