Atherosclerotic mice exhibit systemic inflammation in periadventitial and visceral adipose tissue, liver, and pancreatic islets

  • Lohmann C
  • Schäfer N
  • von Lukowicz T
 et al. 
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Abstract

Abstract: Objective: Atherosclerosis is a chronic inflammatory disease of major conduit arteries. Similarly, obesity and type 2 diabetes mellitus are associated with accumulation of macrophages in visceral white adipose tissue and pancreatic islets. Our goal was to characterize systemic inflammation in atherosclerosis with hypercholesterolemia, but without obesity. Methods and results: We compared 22-week-old apolipoprotein E knockout (ApoE −/−) with wild-type mice kept for 14 weeks on a high cholesterol (1.25%) diet (CD, n =8) and 8-week-old ApoE −/− with wild-type mice kept on a normal diet (ND, n =8). Hypercholesterolemic, atherosclerotic ApoE −/− mice on CD exhibited increased macrophages and T-cells in plaques and periadventitial adipose tissue that revealed elevated expression of MIP-1α, IL-1β, IL-1 receptor, and IL-6. Mesenteric adipose tissue and pancreatic islets in ApoE −/− mice showed increased macrophages. Expression of IL-1β was enhanced in mesenteric adipose tissue of ApoE −/− mice on CD. Furthermore, these mice exhibited steatohepatitis with macrophage and T-cell infiltrations as well as increased MIP-1α and IL-1 receptor expression. Blood glucose, insulin and total body weight did not differ between the groups. Conclusions: In hypercholesterolemic lean ApoE −/− mice, inflammation extends beyond atherosclerotic plaques to the periadventitial and visceral adipose tissue, liver, and pancreatic islets without affecting glucose homeostasis. [Copyright &y& Elsevier]

Author-supplied keywords

  • ADIPOSE tissues
  • ATHEROSCLEROTIC plaque
  • Adipose tissue
  • Atherosclerosis
  • BODY weight
  • HYPERCHOLESTEREMIA
  • Hypercholesterolemia
  • ISLANDS of Langerhans
  • MICE as laboratory animals
  • Macrophages
  • NON-insulin-dependent diabetes
  • Pancreatic islets

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Authors

  • Christine Lohmann

  • Nicola Schäfer

  • Tobias von Lukowicz

  • M A Sokrates Stein

  • Jan Borén

  • Sabine Rütti

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