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Journal article

Attitudes Toward Victims of Rape: Effects of Gender, Race, Religion, and Social Class

Nagel B, Matsuo H, McIntyre K, Morrison N...(+4 more)

Journal of Interpersonal Violence, vol. 20, issue 6 (2005) pp. 725-737

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Abstract

Although previous literature focusing on perceptions of victims of rape has examined
how gender, race, and culture influence the attitudes one holds toward victims, these
studies have yielded mixed results. This study compared perceptions of victims of
rape across a wide range of ages, educational backgrounds, religions, and income
levels, while focusing on gender and racial differences. Results indicate (N = 220)
that victims of rape are generally viewed more sympathetically by females than by
males and by Whites than by African Americans. However, the effect of race disappears
when socioeconomic variables are controlled, suggesting a more complex relationship.
Also, a hierarchical regression indicates that age, sex, education, and
income are significant predictors of attitudes toward victims. This study builds on
existing research that examines such attitudes from a cultural perspective and
extends this literature by examining the interactive effects of several demographic
variables within a community sample.

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