Sample: Subsistence-Based Farming Families, Western, Postmodern, Urban Families, and Non-Western, Urban, Middle-Class Families.
Method: Review Paper
Measures: Autonomy and Relatedness
Findings: In Subsistence-Based Farming Families, cooperation is key. Early action autonomy, as well as an emphasis on relatedness in terms of social responsibility, allow all family members to work together and carry out tasks based on age and gender. It is a verbal environment generally, and there is an importance to develop motor skills at a young age. Children must help the family so the social unit can function. In
Western, Postmodern, Urban Families, self expression and competition are emphasized. Each infant has his or her own developmental pace, and there is an early separate identity. In Non-Western, Urban, Middle-Class Families, there is more verbal exchanges than body contact. There are many family values, and communal psychological autonomy.
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